Well Water Filtration
Well water filtration is a very important part of owning a private well. Owning a private well comes with its own unique set of problems.
The table below is presented to help you identify common well water problems. For further information, visit EPA’s Signs of Common Water Quality Problems.
|Scale or scum||Calcium or Magnesium Salts|
|Turbid water||Dirt, clay salts, silt or rust|
|Green stains on fixtures||High acidity|
|Brown-red stains on fixtures, clothing||Dissolved iron|
|Cloudy water that clears upon standing||Poorly working pumps or problems with filters|
|Salty or brackish||High sodium|
|Alkali or soapy taste||Dissolved alkaline minerals|
|Metallic taste||Acidity or high iron content|
|Chemical||Chemicals or pesticides|
|Rotten egg odor||Dissolved hydrogen sulfide gas or sulfur reducing bacteria|
|Detergent odor or foaming water||Seepage from septic tanks|
|Gasoline or oil smell||Leaking gasoline storage tanks|
|Methane gas or earthy / musty||Decaying organic matter|
Disinfection may reduce or eliminate bacteria and viruses. Disinfection will not correct chemical contamination such as inorganics (nitrate, sulfate), pesticides, herbicides, metals or volatile organics.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2002, Drinking Water from Household Wells: EPA 816-K-02-003.
Note: Presence of many contaminants such as bacteria, metals, nitrate, radon and chemicals can only be detected through laboratory analysis.